in length and width, with a squareness to
the muzzle. Cheekbones should be high. The
nose is medium long in length; slight
concavity when viewed in profile. The chin
is firm and in line with the upper lip and
wide at the base, welltufted with lynx. Set
high and wellapart.
Large, expressive, wide set.
Muscular, medium to large in size, and broad
chested, the body is long, with all parts in
proportion, creating a rectangular
appearance. When viewed from the rear, there
is a definite squareness to the rump. The
neck is medium long.
Legs substantial, wide set, of medium
length, and in proportion to the body. Paws
large, round, welltufted. Five toes in
front, four in back.
Long, wide at base, and tapering. Fur long
Heavy and shaggy, shorter on the shoulders
and longer on the stomach and britches.
Frontal ruff desirable. Texture silky with
coat falling smoothly.
Maine Coon cat is a kind, playful and
charming cat. It's also very friendly.
They get on well with other cats and mainly
the Maine Coon is easy to keep with other
pets to. A special peculiarity with the
Maine Coon is the sound. Mostly it doesn't
say "miaow" like other cats, it's
sounds like "brrp". The Maine Coon
cat is a very easy cat. It's uncomplicated
and healthy. We, who have a Maine Coon cat,
can guarantee that when you get a cat of
this wonderful breed you are going to get
one more cat, and one more cat.............
you want to know more about the Maine Coons:
health of our cats is very important to us.
Genetic diseases exist among all cats,
pedigree or non-pedigree. We test our
breeding cats for the genetic diseases that
are the most common in the Maine Coon breed,
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and hip
dysplasia (HD). We will also test the cats
for polycystic kidney disease (PKD).
is a genetic heart disease that exists in
several breeds, as well as in non-pedigree
cats. Unfortunately this has become a
problem in our breed too. The disease makes
the heart grow thicker and thicker until it
is no longer capable of pumping the blood in
an effective way any longer. Then the cat of
course will die. HCM is generally not
visible in a kitten. Actually, the disease
is usually not discovered at all until the
cat suddenly dies. But with an ultrasound
test, the disease is detectable earlier. But
still usually not in a kitten. The disease
takes longer to develope. In males it is
usually possible to detect at 2 years of
age, while in females it takes in average
longer to develope. In females most cases
can be detected at 3 years of age. HCM is,
according to American studies, inherited by
a single domonant gene with incomplete
penetrance. This means that even if only one
of the parents carries the gene, the
offsprings have a 50% risk of getting it and
they can then potentially get the disease.
The incomplete penetrance means that not all
cats with the gene will actually develop the
disease. A few cats simply carry the gene
with out ever showing any signs of it. But
all the cats that carry the gene MIGHT be
develope HCM, and must do.
more about HCM at:
Maine Coon katten
is an heritated malformation of the hip
joint, that is less severe cases doesn't
cause a cat any problems. In severe cases
however the cat might get pain from it and
problems to jump and even walk. HD is
probably inheritated polygenetic, meaning
that many genes are involved. This means
that breeding for better hips is similar to
breeding for large size in the cats. You might
get a large cat out of two small
parents, but it is less likely than getting
a large cat out of two large parents. And
sure you might get a small cat out of
two large parents, but it is less likely
than getting a small cat out of two small
parents, or out of one large and one small.
In the same way you might get a
kitten with severe HD out of two parents
with good hips, and you might get a
kitten with good hips out of two parents
with severe HD. But it is not very likely.
what we should do is to breed from the cats
with the best hips. We must however be
careful not to be too hard here, so that not
too few cats are used for breeding.
Otherwise our wish to avoid HD might result
in a too narrow genepool, leading to
inbreeding. And the inbreeding might then
cause others and worse problems. Because of
this, we have been recommended to for the
moment also breed from cats with the mildest
degree of HD. Of course we then mate those
cats with cats whose hips are good.
test our cats hips by X-raying them at the
age of 1 year or later. The X-ray pictures
then are sent to a specialist in Stockholm,
who is judging each hip individually towards
a scale ranging from OK hips to grade 3 HD.
So grade 1 HD is the mildest grade of HD,
grade 2 is moderate, and grade 3 is severe.
The Swedish Maine Coon club is then
registering the test results in an open
registry, starting in January 2000.
more about HD at:
Maine Coon katten
Ulrika Olsson S*Ylletrollets
for testing our breeding cats for genetic
diseases, we think that it is very important
for the future of the breed to work to
maintain and broaden the genepool, to avoid
future problems from inbreeding. There are
many foundation cats and foundation lines
behind the Maine Coons, but through the
competition for the best looking cats over
the generatitions some lines have been
overused, while some have almost vanished
completely. As a result today about 70 % of
the genepool internationally comes from only
five foundation cats! Of course that is too
much to come from that few cats. So what we
do is to try to reduce the amount of
primarily the two most common foundation
cats, but also the other, in our pedigrees.
This is done both by saving what is still
left of other old foundation lines and by
introducing newer foundation lines from
five most common foundation cats were living
in the 1960s' and 1970s', and they are:
Andy Katt of Heidi Ho, male
Bridget Katt of Heidi Ho, female
Dauphin de France of Tati-Tan, male
Tatiana of Tati-Tan, female
Smokie Joe of Whittemore, male
usually call these cats the Top 5.
And we are calculating the amount of them,
as one tool of knowing how interesting a
pedigree is from an outcross point of view.
amount of the two most common cats, Andy
Katt of Heidi Ho and Bridget Katt of Heidi
Ho, we call the percentage of Heidi Ho (or
we also calculate the amount of clones
in the pedigree. The offsprings of Heidi Ho
Sonkey Bill and Tanstaafl Polly Adeline of
Heidi Ho were born 1979-1982. They all
looked very much the same and a judge once
asked what they did to make them all look so
similar. "Do you clone them?" she
asked. And since then these brothers and
sisters are called "the clones"
among the Maine Coon breeders. The clones
were very successful at shows, and soon most
breeders wanted one or two clones for
breeding. Then many inbred on these cats, to
get even better looking cats. Today about 35
% of the genes in the genepool come from
only these brothers and sisters that we call
more about this subject at the:
Maine Coon Herritage Site